With the continuous improvement of the living standards of urban and rural residents, modern home furnishings and decoration are increasing, electricity, fire and gas use are constantly improving, and the probability of fires is correspondingly increasing. Residents' fires often have the characteristics of violent burning, rapid spread of fire, widespread smoke, and easy to cause casualties. In addition, many urban residents use coal gas or liquefied petroleum gas, which is liable to form gas combustion and explosion after fire. Some urban and rural residents live in bungalows, and some roofs are built with combustible materials. After a fire, the fire easily burns to the ceiling, and the combustibles spread along the roof quickly, causing the fire to spread and cause the building to collapse.
In residential households, people often suffer injuries and serious economic losses due to lack of self-rescue capacity after a fire. If the family does not get timely control after the fire, it will also affect its neighbors, causing the entire residential building or the entire village to suffer fire hazards. Therefore, it is very important to do a good job in family fire fighting. Every citizen should know the common sense of family fire fighting. The methods and measures for family fire fighting are:
Whenever a fire breaks out in your home or neighbourhood, you should call the police immediately and take an active part in fighting the fire. The timely and accurate alarm can enable the masses and fire brigade to arrive quickly and put out the fire early. Depending on the fire situation, you can also take the approach of fire fighting and alarm. However, we must not just focus on extinguishing fire or rescuing items and forgetting to call the police. This will jeopardize fighters and cause small fires that could have been extinguished in time to create a fire.
When someone is under siege, save them first. When saving people, we must focus on rescuing the elderly, children, and those most at risk from fire. If you are not sure whether there is anyone in the fire, you should find out as soon as possible, and do not take it lightly. When your home is on fire or the fire is coming from the outside, you should organize family members to evacuate to a safe exit location in a timely manner according to the situation.
When a fire is found in a closed room, do not open doors and windows casually to prevent fresh air from entering and expand the combustion. First look at the fire situation from the outside. If the fire is small or the smoke is not visible, you can use buckets, washbasins, etc. to prepare fire extinguishing water and quickly enter the room to extinguish the fire. If the fire burns up, we should call on our neighbors to prepare for the fire, and then open the doors and windows to enter the room to extinguish the fire.
After the fire in the room, if it is difficult to control the fire for a while, the flammable and explosive fireworks such as liquefied gas tanks and gasoline must be snatched out of the room first. While personnel are evacuating the room, valuables such as televisions, radio cassette recorders can be removed. However, if the indoor fire has become large, you should not miss the opportunity to evacuate because of finding money to save things, let alone return to the fire room to rescue items.
If a fire occurs in household electrical equipment or appliances, immediately cut off the power supply, and then use a dry powder fire extinguisher, carbon dioxide fire extinguisher , 1211 fire extinguisher, etc. to extinguish the fire, or use a damp quilt, canvas, etc. to suffocate the fire. Water and foam rescue should be carried out in the event of power failure to prevent electric shock injury or death caused by electricity caused by water.